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Universal Basic Income disagreed by Henri Sterdyniak, Ecomomist at Observatoire français des conjonctures économiques

S’il règle le problème du non-recours et réduit la pauvreté monétaire, s’il permet d’éviter la stigmatisation et de supprimer les contrôles humiliants, le revenu de base a un coût financier important, non pas dû à son objectif principal, aider les personnes en situation de précarité, mais à une conséquence latérale, verser une somme importante à tous. Vu ce coût, la crédibilité de sa mise en pla... See More

Universal Basic Income disagreed by David Cayla, Economist. Professor at Université d'Angers.

Une allocation universelle ne rendra pas moins nécessaires les métiers pénibles. Il faudra toujours des gens pour accomplir ces tâches essentielles. Selon moi, la meilleure solution pour inverser le rapport de force entre dominants et dominés n’est donc pas de distribuer une allocation monétaire à tout le monde, allocation qui, par construction, risque surtout d’être dévaluée et de ne pas permettr... See More
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Universal Basic Income disagreed by Paul De Grauwe, Economist. Professor in European Political Economy at the London School of Economics

A universal basic income that has the ambition to ban poverty from the world, is then immensely expensive. That doesn’t need to surprise you. To give the poor (a minority in society) a basic income, you have to also provide a basic income to the large majority that doesn’t need it. This leads to new problems. The working majority receives a basic income that stands loose from labor efforts, bu... See More
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Universal Basic Income disagreed by Michael Roberts, Marxian economist.

The basic income demand is just too basic. As a reform for labour, it is not as good as the demand for a job for all who need it at a living wage; or reducing the working week while maintaining wages; or providing decent pensions. And under socialism, it would be redundant.
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Universal Basic Income disagreed by Richard D. Wolff, Marxian economist. Professor of Economics Emeritus, University of Massachusetts, Amherst

UBI creates a new difference between those people who work and earn a living and those people who, for wathever reason, don't work but still earn a living. This is going to create two classes of people (...) and for me the big issue is why do that?. I like the idea of community building by not having people that are extremely wealthy or extremely poor, but I don't like this way of doing it, becau... See More
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Universal Basic Income disagreed by Dany Lang, Economist. Associate Professor at University of Paris 13. Researcher at CNRS.

I don't believe in the relevance of the universal basic income proposal. [...] Personally, it is a proposal that embodies the idea of the end of work, i.e. it will not be possible any more to ensure full employment for all. However, in a society where there are many social needs not yet fulfilled, because the market mechanisms do not manage to satisfy them and because the Government, both central ... See More
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Universal Basic Income disagreed by Neil Wilson, Computer Science Consultant. Economics Blogger.

Basic Income attempts to pay people under what should probably be called the l’Oréal Principle (“because you’re worth it”). They want to be paid first and then perhaps do something later if they feel like it. That is a complete reversal of the principle of contribution. Everywhere else you have to be of service to others and put them in your debt first, before you receive anything of real value in... See More
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Universal Basic Income disagreed by Ellis Winningham, Economist. Blogger. Activist. Contributor at Real Progressives Cirizen Media.

Returning now to the UBI, we can understand with a little more thought about the concept, that it is not an automatic stabilizer. While it does increase aggregate demand, it is not a stabilizer, because it provides a guaranteed payment to everyone regardless of their income level. For a UBI to act as an automatic stabilizer, the amount provided would have to be progressive with the poorest receivi... See More

Universal Basic Income disagreed by Philip Pilkington, Research analyst. Author of the book The Reformation in Economics.

Basic Income Guarantee is achievable today, and if it were implemented it would increase employment and alleviate much human suffering, but it would not target social problems in as focused a way as the Job Guarantee program would.
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Universal Basic Income disagreed by Paul Jorion, Anthropologist. Sociologist. Université libre de Bruxelles

Isn't there a better way to answer to answer to the concerns of the beneficiaries of Government benefits? Yes of course: by allocating the sums that we could gather for a UBI program to ensure free basic necessities (food, accommodation, transportation, connectivity) - a measure that, unlike UBI, would not be consumerist in its approach and that would therefore respect the environment. Free necess... See More
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Universal Basic Income disagreed by Dmytri Kleiner, Venture Communist. Miscommunications Technologist. Telekommunisten Polemicist. ThoughtWorks Analyst.

UBI does not alleviate poverty and turns social necessities into products for profit. To truly address inequality we need adequate social provisioning. If we want to reduce means testing and dependency on capitalist employment, we can do so with capacity planning. Our political demands should mandate sufficient housing, healthcare, education, childcare and all basic human necessities for all. Rath... See More
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Universal Basic Income disagreed by Alex Kolokotronis, Political Science PhD student Yale University. Worker Cooperatives and Participatory Budgeting

UBI's aim of a society of "free labor" -- or no labor at all -- is appealing, but it is individualizing and lacks coordinating devices. With a self-managed socialist job guarantee, free labor would be an associated and socialized labor. At the same time, it would socialize the deployment of capital to meet community needs.
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Universal Basic Income disagreed by Rick Salutin, Novelist, playwright, journalist, and critic. University of Toronto

And what if the owning and renting classes simply view a BI as another source to be scarfed up through higher rents, charges, privatized highways etc., so it ends up merely expanding the gulf between the rich and the rest?(...) So the GBI just gets recycled back up to those who made it necessary in the first place. The inequality gulf worsens and is financed largely by taxes from people who can’t ... See More

Universal Basic Income disagreed by Paul Palsterman, Juriste au service d'études de la Confédération des Syndicats Chrétiens de Belgique (CSC).

By applying to a fundamentally unequal situation a perfectly equal treatment does not create more equality: it reinforces instead existing inequalities. Far from being fair, it is on the opposite the negation of justice. Regarding social efficiency, we can easily demonstrate that the project has none
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Universal Basic Income disagreed by Vincent Cheynet, Journalist. Degrowth activist. Editor-in-chief de La Décroissance magazine.

This puerile regression takes multiple forms : for example the desire of receiving without never contributing to the collective effort – the latter being typical of fetuses and infants. This proposition seems of course at first very nice for whoever remembers the principles of justice. Beyond all the criticism of the unconditional income […], its main flaw seem to us within this framework. This i... See More
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Universal Basic Income disagreed by Alberto Bagnai, Economist and harpichordist. Università degli Studi "Gabriele d'Annunzio".

They call it the basic income of all citizens (“reddito di cittadinanza”), but here in Italy we will call it the basic income of the land (“reddito della gleba”, in reference to feudal serfs, or “servi della gleba”, who were linked to the land). We would save characters, and we will be closer to the essence of the reasoning. As much as serfdom (“servitu’ della gleba”) linked the serfs to the land,... See More
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Universal Basic Income disagreed by Mateo Alaluf, Sociologist. Université libre de Bruxelles.

To replace a social security system primarily financed by contributions and based on wage solidarity with a rent paid by the Government and financed by tax income seems a war machine against the welfare state. In addition, an income provided unconditionally to anybody can only be mediocre and cannot ensure the financial independence of the beneficiaries. These would be obliged to accept to work fo... See More
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Universal Basic Income disagreed by Paul Ariès, Political scientist. Editor of Les Zindigné(es). Observatoire International de la gratuité

To exit the true/false debate on the universal basic income, let’s defend the free public service! (…) To defend and increase the weight of free goods is to give everybody what they need to live, in an unconditional way but with a revenue largely demonetized, diseconomized. It is therefore to exit from capitalism.

Universal Basic Income disagreed by Henning Meyer, Social scientist, consultant and analyst. He is Editor-in-Chief of Social Europe

Paying people a basic income would not remove the fundamental problem that in the digital economy some people will do extraordinarily well and many others find themselves left behind. One oft-heard argument is that if people want more money than basic income provides they can just work a few days. If the problem is technological unemployment, however, this option is simply removed as the large-sca... See More
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Universal Basic Income disagreed by Jean-Marie Harribey, Economist. Conseil scientific d'Attac France. Economistes Aterrés. Fondation Copernic.

Would the payment of a basic income to the whole population foster the same macroeconomic mechanism (i.e. a demand-led stimulation)? Yes if such payments anticipate additional production. But, by definition, the unconditional basic income is isolated from any anticipation and therefore from any social validation, as it is unconditional. The utility value of free work (for example the social link o... See More

Universal Basic Income disagreed by Anne Eydoux, Economist. Cnam.Centre d'études de l'emploi et du travail.LISE. Paris

The different approaches to UBI do not escape to criticism: either they don’t mention the gender issue or they more or less defend the idea of a maternal salary, with the risk of stating that the latter would be favorable to women emancipation. Hence, the risk is real – we use as a proof the analysis of a “universal” basic income measure already implemented (education parental income, targeting al... See More
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Universal Basic Income disagreed by Seth Ackerman, Doctoral candidate in History at Cornell. Editorial board of Jacobin magazine.

Reducing work-time(...) is enormously preferable, because everyone benefits equally and together. The alternative – reducing the number of workers per capita (with an UBI) – amounts to the creation of essentially arbitrary classes of idle and segmented citizens, whose existence would be virtually guaranteed to divide and embitter the working class to the benefit of reactionary pro-work politics.
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Job Guarantee agreed by Randall Wray, Professor of Economics at U. Missouri–Kansas City, Senior Scholar at Levy Economics Institute

Estimated spending will be 1–2 percent of GDP, with economic, social and political benefits several times larger. Net program costs will be much lower, since spending on unemployment compensation and other relief will be reduced—this program will pay people for working, rather than paying them not to work. The promise of increased national productivity and shared prosperity should far outweigh an... See More
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Universal Basic Income disagreed by Yuval Noah Harari, Israeli historian and a tenured professor at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem

Paying people not to work will only increase inequality and rancor. [...] If universal basic income is aimed to improve the objective conditions of the average person in 2050, it has a fair chance of succeeding. But if it is aimed to make people subjectively more satisfied with their lot in order to prevent social discontent, it is likely to fail.
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Universal Basic Income disagreed by Bill Mitchell, Professor of Economics and Musician

A basic income guarantee is a neo-liberal strategy for serfdom without the work ... In addition to a Job Guarantee we also demand a Services Guarantee. It is no good having a bare minimum income if the dentists and doctors and shops in your town are closed and the public transport system is deficient.

Universal Basic Income disagreed by Michel Husson, Economist. Institut de recherches économiques et sociales

Les partisans du revenu universel sont ensuite confrontés à une contradiction fatale. Si le revenu est «suffisant» ou «décent», son financement implique de redéployer largement la protection sociale, parce qu’il n’y a pas de source autonome de création de valeur. C’est alors une régression sociale qui consiste à remarchandiser ce qui a été socialisé. Et si le revenu est fixé à un niveau modeste, c... See More
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Universal Basic Income disagreed by Daniel Zamora, Sociologist. Université Libre de Bruxelles Institut de sociologie

The popularity of universal basic income is in reality a triumph of the neoliberal ideology, an ideology that refuses, in any social policy, to put inequalities at the center of our democracies. Basically, it is an illusory fight against poverty without really fighting against inequalities
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Universal Basic Income disagreed by Randall Wray, Professor of Economics at U. Missouri–Kansas City, Senior Scholar at Levy Economics Institute

I do not support sending a BIG check to everyone. It is a devaluation of the currency, as prices rise so that the BIG payment essentially becomes the entry price to the marketplace. So we will need to target the BIG to those who do not (or cannot) work. Yes there’s some stigma. But, first we implement Employer of Last Resort so that anyone who is ready and willing to work has a job in the Job Gua... See More
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Universal Basic Income disagreed by Pavlina R. Tcherneva, Economist. Chair of the Department of Economics at the Levy Economics Institute, Bard College, NY

There is almost a ‘neoclassical market equilibrating assumption’ behind most BIG analysis that says: “as long as people have cash, the market will magically provide the goods for them, allow them to acquire assets, provide them with the freedom to do what they please, etc. etc.” If the market hasn’t solved these problems now, why would it do so just because people get cash? All structures that ma... See More
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We might all have to move to another planet, e.g. Mars disagreed by Jeff Bezos,

I don’t like the ‘Plan B’ idea that we want to go to space so we have a backup planet, we have sent probes to every planet in this solar system, and believe me, this is the best planet. There is no doubt. This is the one that you want to protect.
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Disagree and commit agreed by Jeff Bezos,

This phrase will save a lot of time. If you have conviction on a particular direction even though there's no consensus, it's helpful to say, "Look, I know we disagree on this but will you gamble with me on it? Disagree and commit?" By the time you're at this point, no one can know the answer for sure, and you'll probably get a quick yes.
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The pay ratio of a CEO should be disclosed agreed by BlackRock, Investment management corporation

Blackrock will only approve salary rises for top executives if firms increase workers’ wages by a similar amount
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The pay ratio of a CEO should be disclosed agreed by Chris Van Hollen,

CEO-to-worker pay ratio disclosure rule increases transparency and provides critical information to investors to better understand executive compensation
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The pay ratio of a CEO should be disclosed agreed by Matthew Taylor,

I’m a believer in what’s called nudging -- small changes that can have a behavioral impact. It’s clear that companies think harder about how they present themselves when they have to publish information
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The pay ratio of a CEO should be disclosed agreed by Richard L. Trumka,

The SEC's pay ratio disclosure rule is thoughtful, balanced, and carefully crafted to provide companies considerable flexibility and makes accommodations to them in complying with the rule, while giving shareholders valuable new information
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Culture over strategy disagreed by John Gapper,

A high street retailer could have a wonderful culture and still get eaten for breakfast.
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Culture over strategy agreed by Peter Drucker, Management consultant, educator, and author

Culture eats strategy for breakfast
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We might all have to move to another planet, e.g. Mars disagreed by Ellen Stofan,

I don’t see a mass transfer of humanity to Mars, ever. Job one is to keep this planet habitable ... There isn’t a planet B

We might all have to move to another planet, e.g. Mars agreed by Elon Musk, Founder of SpaceX, cofounder of Tesla, SolarCity & PayPal

I really think there are two fundamental paths [for humans]: One path is we stay on Earth forever, and some eventual extinction event wipes us out
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Universal Basic Income agreed by Bill Gross, American investor, co-Founder of PIMCO

If more and more workers are going to be displaced by robots, then they will need money to live on, will they not? And if that strikes you as a form of socialism, I would suggest we get used to it
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Empowering women benefits society agreed by Tamara Mellon, Co-founder of Jimmy Choo

Society is better off when women earn equal
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Climate change is caused mainly by human activities agreed by NASA, Space agency from United States

Most climate scientists agree the main cause of the current global warming trend is human expansion of the "greenhouse effect"

Climate change is real agreed by Elon Musk, Founder of SpaceX, cofounder of Tesla, SolarCity & PayPal

Climate change is real. Leaving Paris is not good for America or the world.
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Advanced artificial intelligence will pose a serious risk to society within the next 50 years agreed by Sam Altman, President of Y Combinator. Investor at Reddit, Stripe,, Pinterest and many others

Development of superhuman machine intelligence is probably the greatest threat to the continued existence of humanity.
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Advanced artificial intelligence will pose a serious risk to society within the next 50 years disagreed by Carlo Rovelli, Theoretical Physicist and Author

How close to thinking are the machines we have built, or are going to be built soon? The answer is easy: immensely far. The gap between our best computers and the brain of a child is the gap between a drop of water and the Pacific Ocean. Differences are in performance, structural, functional, and more. Any maundering about how to deal with thinking machines is totally premature to say the least.
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Advanced artificial intelligence will pose a serious risk to society within the next 50 years agreed by Ilya Sutskever, Co-founder and Research Director of OpenAI

It’s hard to fathom how much human-level AI could benefit society, and it’s equally hard to imagine how much it could damage society if built or used incorrectly.
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Asian Americans are a discriminated minority in the US agreed by US Labor Department, US Labor Department

KPMG discriminated against Asian applicants for associate audit jobs at its Short Hills facility between October 2011 and March 2013
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We should adapt to climate change instead of fighting it agreed by The Economist, Weekly magazine-format newspaper

Global action is not going to stop climate change. The world needs to look harder at how to live with it

Universal Basic Income agreed by Elon Musk, Founder of SpaceX, cofounder of Tesla, SolarCity & PayPal

I think we'll end up doing universal basic income. It's going to be necessary.
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Advanced artificial intelligence will pose a serious risk to society within the next 50 years agreed by K. Eric Drexler, Founding father of nanotechnology

AI technologies may reach thethreshold of rapid, open-ended, recursive improvement before we are prepared to manage the challenges posed by the emergence superintelligent AI agents.