Universal Basic Income agreed by Nicola Sturgeon, First minister of scotland and leader of the scottish national partyAs we look ahead to the next decade and beyond, it is an idea that merits deeper consideration. I therefore confirm that the Scottish Government will work with interested local authorities to fund research into the concept and the feasibility of a citizens basic income, to help to inform Parliament’s thinking for the future.
Transgender individuals in the army agreed by Eric Fanning, Army secretary at the end of Obama’s termHow does this impact readiness? How many soldiers are not going to be deployable because of medical care that they’re receiving? And RAND’s analysis ― again, before the accession policy was set with the 18-month stability clause ― was that it would be as low as 29 to as high as 129 service members a year that would require medical, surgical treatment for transitioning. I suspect that number’s goi... See More
Job Guarantee agreed by William A. Darity, Professor of Public Policy at Duke UniversityEach job offered under a federal employment assurance would be at a wage rate above the poverty threshold, and would include benefits like health insurance. A public sector job guarantee would establish a quality of work and the level of compensation offered for all jobs. The program would be great for the country: It could meet a wide range of the nation’s physical and human infrastructure needs,... See More
Robot Tax agreed by Bill Gates, Philanthropist. Founder and former CEO of Microsoft.Right now, the human worker who does, say, $50,000 worth of work in a factory, that income is taxed and you get income tax, social security tax, all those things. If a robot comes in to do the same thing, you’d think that we’d tax the robot at a similar level.
Robot Tax agreed by The Republican Editorials, Western Massachusetts’ most popular local news and information siteSome Silicon Valley entrepreneurs consider the tax intrusive and anti-business - an obstacle to progress that forces them to maintain higher costs, restricting the price breaks they might pass on to consumers. An even greater number say fears of mass job displacement are ludicrous and panic-driven, and that robots will only make the workforce more versatile, rather than pushing people out. That's... See More
Universal Basic Income agreed by Chris Lee, Democratic member of the Hawaii House of RepresentativesOur economy [Hawaii's] is changing far more rapidly than anybody's expected. It is important to be sure that everybody will benefit from the technological revolution that we're seeing to make sure no one's left behind.
Universal Basic Income disagreed by Grant Cardone,If someone is a taker rather than a maker, and becomes dependent on the government for their unemployment checks, that creates a victim mentality. I decided right then and there that I didn't want someone to give me a fish; I needed to be taught how to fish. If anyone wants to give you free cash, no questions asked, get suspicious. Universal basic income is a step to becoming a slave of the federa... See More
Universal Basic Income disagreed by Branko Milanovic, Economist. Development and inequality expert.Economically, states already guarantee a basic salary under certain conditions, for example in cases of unemployment or extreme poverty. With universal basic income, this assistance would no longer be temporary or linked to a certain condition, and I don’t think it would be sustainable. Moreover, I don’t like the idea of a world where work is no longer a form of self-realisation for citizens. I im... See More
Universal Basic Income disagreed by Heiner Flassbeck, Economist(Pro UBI) argument is that, today, the technological evolution is destroying so many jobs that there is no longer any other choice than to decouple income from work. This argument is absurd for many reasons, but mainly because productivity nowadays is rising much slower than several decades ago. If, one day, productivity would increase substantially again, it will be both possible and necessary to... See More
Vaccines disagreed by Jenny McCarthy, American actress, model, television host, author, screenwriter, and anti-vaccine activistWhat I really am is “anti-toxins” in the vaccines. I do believe that there is a correlation between vaccinations and autism. I don’t think it’s the sole cause, but I think they’re triggering–it’s triggering–autism in these kids. A really great example is…is, sometimes obesity can trigger diabetes. I do believe that vaccines can trigger autism…It’s so much more than just mercury. That is one ingred... See More
Vaccines disagreed by Bill Posey, US Republican CongressmanWe have an autism epidemic [in the US]. But for some reasons they refuse to acknowledge it publicly. Dr Boyle [CDC’s spokesperson on autism and vaccines] admitted that the federal government has never done a very simple, fundamental, basic study comparing autism rates in vaccinated vs. unvaccinated children. The CDC cannot be trusted regarding investigating vaccine safety. Huge conflict of interes... See More
Vaccines disagreed by Robert F. Kennedy Jr, American radio host, environmental activist, author and attorney specializing in environmental lawNone of the vaccines have more than a few months of double-blind placebo testing, which will not allow you to spot illnesses like autism that aren’t diagnosed before five years. Second of all, in most vaccines, for example the Gardasil vaccine, they don’t use true placebos.
Vaccines agreed by CDC Global Health, United States federal agencyWe know that a disease that is apparently under control can suddenly return, because we have seen it happen, in countries like Japan, Australia, and Sweden. Here is an example from Japan. In 1974, about 80% of Japanese children were getting pertussis (whooping cough) vaccine. That year there were only 393 cases of whooping cough in the entire country, and not a single pertussis-related death. Then... See More
Universal Basic Income disagreed by Jorge Riechmann, Poet, mathematician, philosopher, ecologist and political scientist.Todas las versiones de la RB, tanto las de derecha como las de izquierda: presuponen la perpetuación del capitalismo (de un capitalismo superproductivo, de hecho); llevan a una sociedad dual, en una fase en la que necesitamos reconstruir la cohesión y profundizar en la igualdad; se presupone la automatización creciente de la producción, con generación de grandes excedentes; esto choca contra la pe... See More
Universal Basic Income disagreed by Evgeny Morozov, Writer ans researcher on political and social implications of technology.Basic income, therefore, is often seen as the Trojan horse that would allow tech companies to position themselves as progressive, even caring – the good cop to Wall Street’s bad cop – while eliminating the hurdles that stand in the way of further expansion. Goodbye to all those cumbersome institutions of the welfare state, employment regulations that guarantee workers’ rights or subversive attemp... See More
Universal Basic Income disagreed by Jared Bernstein, Senior Fellow at the Center on Budget and Policy PrioritiesAre the good, effective anti-poverty programs currently in place fully funded? I’m quite certain they’re not, and thus the question for progressives is what gets us the bigger inequality-and-poverty-reducing-bang-for-the-buck: a dollar to UBI, or a dollar to things like quality pre-school, the EITC and CTC (wage subsidies for low-income, working families), expanding Medicaid, SNAP (food stamps), a... See More
Universal Basic Income agreed by Noam Chomsky, Linguist, philosopher, cognitive scientist, historian, social critic, and political activistIt comes from the right wing originally. Milton Friedman proposed it for example. From his point of view it was part of an effort to undermine welfare state measures. But it doesn’t have to have a reactionary component. It can be interpreted as something progressive. That people have rights. In fact if you read the universal declaration of human rights, 1948, take a look at article 45. It says peo... See More
Universal Basic Income disagreed by Elizabeth S. Anderson, Philosopher. University of Michigan.Van Parijs would guarantee everyone the maximum unconditional basic income that could be sustained in a society (...) regardless of wether they were able or performing socially useful work. Lazy, able-bodied surfers would be just as entitled to that income as dependent caretakers or the disabled. (...) Van Parij's proposal effectively indulges the tastes of the lazy and irresponsible at the expen... See More
Universal Basic Income disagreed by Ha-Joon Chang, Economist. University of CambridgeThe right-wing version of UBI (...) is that the government should provide its citizens with a basic income at the subsistence level, while providing no (or little) further goods and services. As far as I can see, this is the version of UBI supported by the Silicon Valley companies. I am totally against this. There are left-wing libertarians who support UBI, who would set its level quite high, whi... See More
Universal Basic Income disagreed by Helen Razer, Radio presenter and writerThe reason they adore UBI isn’t to do with their commitment to lift a growing underclass out of poverty; that’s just a bedtime story that helps the super-wealthy sleep. Instead, it’s more to permit spending on their goods by what remains of the American middle class. No one on a stagnant wage can currently buy the things that Musk—and the rest of Silicon Valley—wants to sell them.
Universal Basic Income disagreed by Anke Hassel, Sociologist. Professor at the Hertie School of Governance. Director of Hans Böckler Foundation’s WSIThe basic income will further divide society and prevent social mobility. Those who, due to their family background, have good prospects for interesting employment and high income will maintain their existing work ethic, engaging in school and study, and maybe taking a sabbatical or two in between. This is a good thing. However, life will become more difficult for young people from parts of societ... See More
Universal Basic Income disagreed by Vicenç Navarro, Sociologist and Political Scientist. Universitat Pompeu FabraEstablecer un salario ciudadano cuando nuestro Estado del Bienestar está tan poco desarrollado es comenzar la casa por el tejado. Hay que garantizar que todo ciudadano y residente pueda tener los recursos necesarios para vivir una vida digna y ello implica que el estado debe garantizar que los ciudadanos y residentes puedan alcanzar tal nivel de renta, bien a través del trabajo, bien a través de o... See More
Universal Basic Income disagreed by María Pazos Morán, Mathematician.Feminist activist and researcher. Instituto de Estudios Fiscales.Ha costado mucho llegar a tener algunos derechos básicos, y ahora el neoliberalismo lo rompe todo: el sistema educativo, la sanidad... Dando un dinero a cada ciudadano estás trasladando la responsabilidad desde el Estado a las personas, para que se las apañen como puedan. No tiene sentido darle lo mismo a todo el mundo, lo que necesitamos es un sistema de bienestar completo e integrad
Universal Basic Income disagreed by Juan Torres López, Economist. Universidad de Sevilla. Scientific council of Attac Spain.Yo defiendo que el Estado garantice que todos los ciudadanos sin excepción dispongan de ingresos suficientes para vivir con dignidad. Pero no creo que la mejor forma de lograrlo sea la renta básica porque desvincula derechos de obligaciones y supone tratar igual a los desiguales, principios que no comparto, como creo que le ocurre a muchas personas. Porque no tiene en cuenta la individualización d... See More
Universal Basic Income disagreed by Aldo Giannuli, Political scientist and Historian.Università degli Studi di MilanoCari amici che sognate il rifiuto del lavoro, questa non è la stessa cosa che la liberazione dal lavoro ed è una cultura di destra e tutt’altro che antagonista al sistema. Voi aspirate a vivere con le briciole che cadono dal banchetto dell’ipercapitalismo finanziario, ma durerà ancora poco. E poi, vivere senza lavorare non è questa idea così nuova: da secoli lo fanno padroni e rentier alle spalle... See More
Universal Basic Income disagreed by Christiane Marty, Engineer. Fondation Copernic. Scientific Council of Attac France.La proposition avancée [par le revenu universel] ne contribue à résoudre ni le problème du chômage ni ceux de la pauvreté et des inégalités. Elle s’appuie sur l’idée fausse que le travail serait en voie de disparition, que les protections sociales seraient obsolètes et que nous serions condamnés à vivre dans une société de plus en plus ‘uberisée’
Universal Basic Income disagreed by Henri Sterdyniak, Ecomomist at Observatoire français des conjonctures économiquesS’il règle le problème du non-recours et réduit la pauvreté monétaire, s’il permet d’éviter la stigmatisation et de supprimer les contrôles humiliants, le revenu de base a un coût financier important, non pas dû à son objectif principal, aider les personnes en situation de précarité, mais à une conséquence latérale, verser une somme importante à tous. Vu ce coût, la crédibilité de sa mise en pla... See More
Universal Basic Income disagreed by The Economist, News and analysis with a global perspective.Make no mistake: modern welfare states leave plenty to be desired. Disability benefits are for many people an unsatisfactory version of a basic income, providing those who will no longer work with enough to get by. But rather than upend society with radical welfare reforms premised on a job-killing technological revolution that has not yet happened, governments should make better use of the tools ... See More
Universal Basic Income disagreed by MIchael Hudson, Economist. Research Professor of Economics at the University of Missouri, Kansas City.The problem’s not only income, but what people have to spend it on. Paine didn’t talk about universal income, he talked about everybody should have the right to a place to live, a means of their own self-support. That’s independent from income. Once you economize and financialize it, you put in a distortion. You don’t want to give people income to buy what really should be public goods and servic... See More
Universal Basic Income disagreed by Paul De Grauwe, Economist. Professor in European Political Economy at the London School of EconomicsA universal basic income that has the ambition to ban poverty from the world, is then immensely expensive. That doesn’t need to surprise you. To give the poor (a minority in society) a basic income, you have to also provide a basic income to the large majority that doesn’t need it. This leads to new problems. The working majority receives a basic income that stands loose from labor efforts, bu... See More
Universal Basic Income disagreed by Richard D. Wolff, Marxian economist. Professor of Economics Emeritus, University of Massachusetts, AmherstUBI creates a new difference between those people who work and earn a living and those people who, for wathever reason, don't work but still earn a living. This is going to create two classes of people (...) and for me the big issue is why do that?. I like the idea of community building by not having people that are extremely wealthy or extremely poor, but I don't like this way of doing it, becau... See More
Universal Basic Income disagreed by Dominique Plihon, Economist. Spokesman of Attac France. President of Attac France Scientific Council.Hamon est peut-être plus radical, dans son approche, il cherche à proposer un autre modèle. D'où son idée de revenu universel, qui part du principe que l'emploi se raréfie, ce qu'on peut constater effectivement. Mais je ne pense pas que ce soit la bonne solution. Il y a une demande de travail, c'est un besoin exprimé par la population. Le travail, c'est la participation à la société, à la cité. Et... See More
Universal Basic Income disagreed by Rick Salutin, Novelist, playwright, journalist, and critic. University of TorontoAnd what if the owning and renting classes simply view a BI as another source to be scarfed up through higher rents, charges, privatized highways etc., so it ends up merely expanding the gulf between the rich and the rest?(...) So the GBI just gets recycled back up to those who made it necessary in the first place. The inequality gulf worsens and is financed largely by taxes from people who can’t ... See More
Universal Basic Income disagreed by Henning Meyer, Social scientist, consultant and analyst. He is Editor-in-Chief of Social EuropePaying people a basic income would not remove the fundamental problem that in the digital economy some people will do extraordinarily well and many others find themselves left behind. One oft-heard argument is that if people want more money than basic income provides they can just work a few days. If the problem is technological unemployment, however, this option is simply removed as the large-sca... See More
Universal Basic Income disagreed by Alberto Bagnai, Economist and harpichordist. Università degli Studi "Gabriele d'Annunzio".They call it the basic income of all citizens (“reddito di cittadinanza”), but here in Italy we will call it the basic income of the land (“reddito della gleba”, in reference to feudal serfs, or “servi della gleba”, who were linked to the land). We would save characters, and we will be closer to the essence of the reasoning. As much as serfdom (“servitu’ della gleba”) linked the serfs to the land,... See More
Universal Basic Income disagreed by Vincent Cheynet, Journalist. Degrowth activist. Editor-in-chief de La Décroissance magazine.This puerile regression takes multiple forms : for example the desire of receiving without never contributing to the collective effort – the latter being typical of fetuses and infants. This proposition seems of course at first very nice for whoever remembers the principles of justice. Beyond all the criticism of the unconditional income […], its main flaw seem to us within this framework. This i... See More
Universal Basic Income disagreed by Paul Jorion, Anthropologist. Sociologist. Université libre de BruxellesIsn't there a better way to answer to answer to the concerns of the beneficiaries of Government benefits? Yes of course: by allocating the sums that we could gather for a UBI program to ensure free basic necessities (food, accommodation, transportation, connectivity) - a measure that, unlike UBI, would not be consumerist in its approach and that would therefore respect the environment. Free necess... See More
Universal Basic Income disagreed by Jean-Marie Harribey, Economist. Conseil scientific d'Attac France. Economistes Aterrés. Fondation Copernic.Would the payment of a basic income to the whole population foster the same macroeconomic mechanism (i.e. a demand-led stimulation)? Yes if such payments anticipate additional production. But, by definition, the unconditional basic income is isolated from any anticipation and therefore from any social validation, as it is unconditional. The utility value of free work (for example the social link o... See More
Universal Basic Income disagreed by Michel Husson, Economist. Institut de recherches économiques et socialesLes partisans du revenu universel sont ensuite confrontés à une contradiction fatale. Si le revenu est «suffisant» ou «décent», son financement implique de redéployer largement la protection sociale, parce qu’il n’y a pas de source autonome de création de valeur. C’est alors une régression sociale qui consiste à remarchandiser ce qui a été socialisé. Et si le revenu est fixé à un niveau modeste, c... See More
Universal Basic Income disagreed by Mateo Alaluf, Sociologist. Université libre de Bruxelles.To replace a social security system primarily financed by contributions and based on wage solidarity with a rent paid by the Government and financed by tax income seems a war machine against the welfare state. In addition, an income provided unconditionally to anybody can only be mediocre and cannot ensure the financial independence of the beneficiaries. These would be obliged to accept to work fo... See More
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